July Monarchy

(monarchie de juillet)
   July Monarchy is the name given to the government of King louis-philippe (r. 1830-48) who came to power after the revolution of july 1830 (see also charles x). The new regime was truly parliamentary, with the powerful commercial bourgeoisie replacing the nobility as the determinate class. The July Monarchy was nonetheless marked by political agitation: Legitimist, Bonapartist, republican, and socialist. The economic and financial crisis of 1846-47 led to a political one (the Banquets of 1847-48) and finally to the revolution of 1848 that provoked the fall of Louis-Philippe and the proclamation of the second republic by the provisional government. The July Monarchy also saw an entente cordiale with Great Britain and French expansion overseas (Algeria, sub-Saharan Africa, the Far East, the Pacific).

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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